Common Abbreviations in Medicine

- PRN= as needed

- BID = twice a day

- TID = three times a day

-hx or h/o = history of

- dc or d/c = discharge

- fu or f/u = follow-up

- CC = chief complaint or coco chanel ;)

Any others?

BIBEMS= brought in by EMS
BIBA= brought in by ambulance
NTND= non-tender, non-distended
TTP=tender to palpation
RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ= right upper, left upper, right lower, left lower quadrant
SOB=shortness of breath
CP=chest pain
D/w= discussed with
T2DM= type 2 diabetes mellitus
qH=every evening
2/2=secondary to
AFVSS= afebrile, vital signs stable
NS=normal saline

BRBPR: Bright red blood per rectum 
LAD: Lymphadenopathy 
CAD: coronary artery disease
PNA: Pneumonia 
BS: Bowel (or breath) sounds (as in Bowel sounds +) 
N/V: Nausea/vomiting 
AAO: Awake, alert, oriented 
A+O: Awake and oriented
AKA: Above knee amputation
BKA: Below knee amputation 
LMP: Last menstrual period 
KUB: kidney ureter bladder
RRR: Regular rate & rhythm 
RTC: Return to clinic
r/m/g: rales, murmurs, gallops (as in “no r/m/g”)
also, I’ve seen tx used as transplant as well…

From what I understand, LAD can also be left axis deviation and something else that I can’t remember so I was basically told never to use it. 
n/v/d - nausea/vomiting/diarrhea
LNMP - last normal menstrual period
AAA - abd aorta aneurysm 
A&Ox3 - alert and oriented x3
CHF - congestive heart failure
LLL, LUL, RLL, RUL, RML - left lower lobe, left upper lobe, right lower lobe, right upper lobe, right middle lobe
LLE, RLE, BLE - left lower extremity, right lower extremity, bilat lower extremity 
LUE, RUE, BUE - left upper extremity, right upper extremity, bilat upper extremity
CTA - clear to auscultation
BP - blood pressure or back pain (but I hate when people use this for back pain
DM - diabetes
IDDM - insulin dependent DM
NIDDM - non-insulin dependent DM
bx - biopsy
BTL - bilateral tubal ligation 
f/c - fever, chills
cxr - chest xray 
RBBB - right bundle branch block
LBBB - left bundle branch block
ASA - aspirin 
fx - fracture
FB - foreign body 
HA - headache
SI - suicidal ideation
HI - homicidal ideation 
I&D - incision and drainage
NAD - no acute distress
EOM (EOMi) - extraocular muscles (extraocular muscles intact) 
PERRLA - pupils equal round and reactive to light accommodation
PE - pulmonary embolism
WNL - within nl limits (we never looked)  
US - ultrasound
# - pound (as in that baby weighs 5#, not 5 hashtag)
yo - years old




A university president just gave up a lot of his salary to raise his school’s minimum wage

In some pretty awesome and uplifting news, Kentucky State University’s interim president Raymond Burse has given up more than $90,000 of his nearly $350,000 salary to help raise university workers’ minimum wage to $10.25 an hour.

"This is not a publicity stunt"

Black male excellence


California's "Yes means yes" law: From what I can find, that only applies to college campuses, and just says that they have to "adopt policies concerning sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking that include certain elements, including an affirmative consent standard in the determination of whether consent was given by a complainant." Also, with the number of college parties, I think the intoxicated part is going to lead to problems...

Yeah I am not from the US so I have been following the story as best I can. So I apologise if I am totally on top of the ins and outs of it. 

I saw SourceFed do a video on the topic this morning that brought up the issue you raise that it only applying to tertiary education institutions that receive state funding which is super confusing. That is going to make legislating a nightmare given the narrow scope of it.

But from what I have read the overall premise and shift in focus seems like a good step forward in dealing with sexual assault. Hopefully it might lead to further change. 


REBLOG | Posted 3 hours ago With 1 note

I just learned in my Philosophy class that the word “mankind” is now considered sexist language and is non-inclusive.

I have to say that I don’t really agree with that.


Disabilities post: You want to know the irony when I read this, I'm a hearing parent of a hearing child, but my child is learning ASL in her care-place and comes back home to teach me, and even though sometimes I'm like "that's so cool" and just ignore it, sometimes I actually sit down and go "So that's how you do A?" and learn with her, and we're both hearing people! and I get told I'm a bad parents numerous times. ::Sighs:: funny, it's really funny that this happens. At least bond with the kid

That sounds interesting thanks for sharing your story anon. I too learnt AusLan (what Australian sign language is named) during Primary school it was taught once a week to all students.  it was interesting to learn though I forgot most of it now at 23. 

I think parents have a tough job, so I don’t want to bash the role parents do because wow everyone tells you what to do and how to do it.

I was just surprised that the percentage quoted was so high.I mean while you shouldn’t be expected to become an expert to me if I had a child that was deaf I would think that learning at least the basics would be a given. Communication between parent/child can be testing enough at times let alone adding in a communication barrier as well


REBLOG | Posted 8 hours ago With 1 note



This law is a great step in the right direction. It seems similar to a legal precedent that occurred earlier in the year in Australia in reference to "freeze fright" that no longer will it be the case that physical resistance has to be proved in order to show consent was not obtained


» What’s happening in Hong Kong?


  • The protests are being held in order to achieve universal suffrage in Hong Kong. Although democracy had been promised for 2017 in 2008, China announced this August that Hong Kong people would only be able to vote from a pool of 2-3 specially selected candidates (all of whom would definitely have pro-China sentiments) 
  • University students held a week-long boycott of classes to protest for true democracy in Hong Kong 
  • Today riot police were deployed against peaceful protesters. Equipped in full riot gear the police used pepper spray to deter the protesters, mainly students and youths but also some elderly people have reported being sprayed point blank 
  • It is estimated that over 50,000 people have joined the protest and this number continues to grow
  • This is the largest political protest in Hong Kong since our independence from the UK in 1997 
  • Although the protests remain peaceful, police have now started to use tear gas and have brought out long guns loaded with rubber bullets (there hasn’t yet been a report of any bullets being shot)
  • Over 80 arrests have been made including students as young as 16 for taking part in these protests
  • They are cutting cell phone receptions in the protest area so that people can’t share any information
  • Violence is increasing as police continue to instigate protesters
  • All this comes right before the October 1st celebration of the 65th anniversary of founding of the People’s Republic of China 
  • There are rumours that the PLA (the Chinese army) are going to be brought into the city tonight 

More facts about Hong Kong:

  • We run under a one country, two systems policy with China meaning that we are part of China but have our own government and laws. 
  • Protests for universal suffrage have been held throughout the summer but these are the biggest yet 
  • Anti-China and anti-government sentiments are at their highest levels yet. Survey results showed that 1 in 5 people are thinking of emigrating from the city. 
  • In June, China issued a white paper essentially telling Hong Kong to remember their place and re-asserting their authority over the city

The scenes from the protest look awful. In my 17 years in Hong Kong I’ve never seen anything like it. The world needs to know about this and say something before we get a recurrence of the Tiananmen Square massacre.





I hope everyone stays safe. Hong Kong stay strong. 







#DidYouKnow #Deaf #DeafAwareness #education #SignLanguage #advocacy #NMSCares

This is actually sadly relevant. I had a lecture this summer about sign languages and Deaf culture and when I was finished, one hearing girl from the audience stayed behind to ask me some more question.

She asked me: “And your parents use sign language, right?” Like it was the most obvious thing in the world and why is she even asking this, of course my parents must know sign language.

"No… They don’t, actually."

"And how do you communicate, then?"


"But… isn’t that complicated for you?"

"It is, sometimes."

"They probably didn’t have time for it…" she said. And I haven’t the heart to tell her that my father was offered sign language courses several times, that I offered to teach them some signs and that they always refused.

But I did told her: “It is not that rare. Most of deaf people I know have hearing parents who don’t sign.”

It’s the sad truth. People are willing to pay for surgeries to “repair” their children, but they are not willing to learn something to communicate with them.

i’d like to add onto this with my own personal experience, too. i was born hearing, but as soon as i was diagnosed as HoH, my parents didn’t do anything to learn ASL. they were quick to put me in classes, but they wouldn’t when i suggested to them that they take the classes with me so that we could learn.

i’ve tried to teach my mom how to sign numerous times, but she always says that “you can’t teach an old dog new tricks,” to which i tell her that she can learn, she just doesn’t want to. which is true. neither of my parents want to learn how to sign, but they want me to be able to hear perfectly so they don’t have to repeat themselves.

little do they know that their frustration with me not being able to hear them would be solved if they would just learn how to sign. maybe signing something to me once instead of repeating themselves four times and then getting mad would be more beneficial.

I’m absolutely shocked at this, it’s never crossed my mind that many parents wouldn’t even try to meet their hard of hearing kids halfway.

What the fuck kind of parenting is that? I’m appalled. 

Listen, man. If you’re going to be a parent, then that means you have to be prepared to pull your finger out and do things for them, even when it’s inconvenient for you. Your kid didn’t ask to be lumped in with you; you did that, and now you’re going to have to do everything you can to make that kid’s life as decent and balanced and good as you can possibly manage. That’s what being a parent means. Your kids don’t owe you shit

Now normally when I explain that it’s because someone is bitching and whining about having an ungrateful child who doesn’t want to do X, Y or Z with them or for them or who isn’t living up to expectations, like that child is indebted to them because they fulfilled the basic criteria of human decency by raising them with some semblance of compassion and care, but this? Horrendous

I’m sorry, does learning a new skill so that you can communicate with your child seem like it’s above and beyond somehow? Sorry, matey, but it isn’t. You’re a parent, this is your job. Pull your fucking socks up. 

Holy shit that’s fucked up

That is just terrible and must be so frustrating. I would have thought it would have been a given that parents learn some sign language if their child was deaf. If the help isn’t offered that is one thing but for a parent to reject the offer of classes wow just wow.



Marie Curie on curiosity, wonder, and the spirit of adventure in science – a wonderful remembrance by her daughter.


The most famous reaction in the world! 

Small pores on the surface of the Mentos candy allows for the rapid creation of CO2 bubbles from the Diet Coke. The aspartame in the Diet Coke also helps alleviate surface tension, contributing further to the geyser-like reaction. Fun fact: if you use fruit Mentos, which are coated, they produce almost no effect. 

via SciencePx